mozarteum.at

Mozart Letters and Documents – Online Edition

Editorial Guidelines

1. Transcription Policy
2. Standardization
3. Layout Features
4. Seals, Stamps
5. Annotations by later hands
6. Additions and Ommissions by the Editor
7. PDF-Print format

1. Transcription Policy

The texts will be rendered in a diplomatic transcription taking into account the original line breaks. Customary spellings of the day, errors and peculiarities unique to the scribe will be consistently retained. Obvious misspellings will be indicated with a dotted line, words with an indeterminate reading will be underlined using a dashed line. Autograph corrections or cross outs by the author will be overlooked implicitly and the "final hand version" will be reproduced.  Additional hand-written entries will be highlighted in gray. When capitalization cannot be positively determined, the editor will make the decisions according to the normal use of the writer.

The edition differentiates between gothic handwriting (Kurrentschrift) and Latin characters. Latin letters will be rendered using cursive characters. Georg Nikolaus Nissen used a mixed form of writing. He did not distinguish, for example, between the German and Latin form of the letter "a". Therefore, only words or letters obviously written with Latin characters (discernible, e.g. in the letters "h" or  "e") will thus be marked in his texts.

 

2. Standardization

  • Quotation marks

Quotation marks will be uniformly rendered ("...").  Their appearance at the beginning of each line, as was common practice at the time, will be omitted.

  • Hyphens

If a hyphen separating the syllables of a compound word appears at the beginning of a line, it will be automatically entered at the end of the previous line of text.  When two hyphens appear in use for the same word, then the hyphen which appears before the new line of text will be omitted. Missing hyphens will appear in square brackets. The colon which often occurrs in Italian texts of the 18th Century will be interpreted and rendered as an equal sign.

  • Short-hand Notation (Abbreviaturen)

The varying short-hand markings will be uniformly indicated by the symbol " ç" (e.g. Hç = Herr). If short-hand notation is used to represent the leter "l", then the "l" will  be used (e.g. "kaiserl. = kaiserlich). The manu-propria abbreviation  (written by hand) will be standardized with the abbreviation "mp".

  • Brackets

Slanted brackets will  consistently appear as |: :| or | |. Parentheses will appear as they are (...). Only the square brackets which appear in addenda will be rendered as parentheses.

 

3. Layout Features

  • Underlining

No difference will be made if underlining occurs as a straight line or if it occurs in some other manner.  Multiple underlining will be rendered as such.

  • Indentation

Indentations in the main text will be standardized to a large extent.  Other manners of indentation (e.g.  flush-and-hang style) will be interpreted and rendered by indentation.

  • Date, Salutation and Signature

The date, salutation and signature will be reproduced in position as close to the original as possible.

  • Unusual Positioning of Text Passages

Passages of text deviating from the main flow of text (e.g. on the left or right edge of the page , upside down, etc.) will appear in gray typeface at the bottom of  the same page following the main text passage in a sensible order. 

Postscripts will be offset in light gray print.

  • Addresses: Sender and Recipient

The addresses of sender and recipient will be normalized flush left with no blank lines.

 

4. Seals, Stamps

Owner's seals, tax stamps and the like, will be reproduced on the same page in chronological order.  When several identical seals appear on the same page, only one will be transcribed.  Postage stamps will be reproduced in an order according to their value and not to their placement on the page. Verification of unreadble postmarks or handwritten postal comments has not been undertaken.

 

5. Annotations by later hands

Annotations by later hands will be depicted by small gray typeface, underlining.by laters hands is neglected.

 

6. Additions and Ommissions by the Editor

Additions have been reduced to a minimum and are denoted by square brackets.

Loss of text as well as ommissions will be denoted by the editor also using square brackets;  the reason for the ommission or the loss of text  will be identified within a parentheses: [...(calculations| illegible)].

 

7. PDF-Print format

The print version in PDF format offers users a printable reading edition and contains the main text and address without additions in a later hand.  Color highlights indicating handwritten insertions has been ommitted.  Original line endings have been retained only at the ends of paragraphs. Dates, salutations, and signatures have been standardized and will appear either flush left or flush right. Questionable transcriptions will be identified by a wavy line under the corresponding word.